Types of Psychology
Psychology contains several specialist areas or fields, which cover distinct topics.
Psychologists are experts in human behavior, applying their skills using scientifically validated methods to treat children, individuals, couples, families, groups and organisations. Psychologists can provide counselling services for a broad range of personal and health issues, including anger management, anxiety, assertiveness, career counselling, depression, grief, life direction, parenting, relationships, self-esteem, sexuality, sleeping problems, stress, and weight loss.
Clinical psychologists specialise in the assessment, diagnosis and treatment of major mental illnesses and psychological problems. A Clinical Psychologist often assists clients with conditions including schizophrenia, obsessive-compulsive disorder and severe depressive illness. Clinical psychologists can work in a range of settings including hospital, community and private practice, dealing with a broad range of psychological issues.
Forensic psychology relates specifically to psychological work in the legal and justice system. Forensic psychologists tend to supply written or verbal testimony and evidence to the court. This area typically involves the assessment of defendants, victims and witnesses involved in civil, criminal or family related legal matters, as well as providing expert psychological evidence in coroner related matters.
Neuropsychologists specialize in psychological disorders that relate to conditions affecting the brain. They are trained to assess, diagnose and treat clients who experience conditions such as loss of memory and learning disabilities.
You may wish to see a neuropsychologist if you or someone you know is experiencing difficulties with memory, language, cognition, behavior or development issues.
Organizational psychologists have a focus on the workplace and deal with organisations, teams and individual employees. They analyze organizations and the people within them in order to devise strategies to improve performance, motivation, development, effectiveness and productivity in the workplace. They can also help organisations to manage organisational change and inspire their employees.
Sports psychology is the study of the psychological factors that influence the development and performance of those involved in sport. A sports psychologist is often used by elite athletes, coaches, trainers and managers, but this area of psychology is also accessed by recreational athletes, umpires, referees and performance artists such as musicians, dancers and actors.